2 edition of Poverty and income distribution during adjustment found in the catalog.
Poverty and income distribution during adjustment
|Statement||François Bourguignon, Jaime de Melo, and Christian Morrisson.|
|Series||Policy research working papers ;, WPS 810|
|Contributions||De Melo, Jaime., Morrisson, Christian., World Bank. Country Economics Dept. Trade Policy Division.|
|LC Classifications||HC59.72.P6 B68 1991|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||53 p. :|
|Number of Pages||53|
|LC Control Number||92131684|
Written by a leading scholar in the field, this textbook provides a thorough introduction to the topic of income distribution and poverty, with additional emphasis on the issues of inequality and discrimination. This book features an empirical focus, and includes sections on basic statistics, as well as optional econometric studies and more Reviews: 4. K N Ninan Against the background of global poverty and income distribution pattern, this paper analyses the trends and causal factors behind rural poverty in India both at the national and state levels during to Adopting an alternate model and categorisation of the time period of analysis into two phases which is empirically and theoretically justified the.
Income and Poverty in the United States: 1. Income and Poverty in the United States: INTRODUCTION. The U.S. Census Bureau collects data. and publishes estimates on income and poverty in order to evaluate national economic trends as well as to understand their impact on the well-being of households, families, and individuals. This. Contents:Preface 1 Balance of payments liberalization in Latin America: effects on growth, distribution and povertyLance Taylor and Rob Vos2 Labour market adjustment, poverty and inequality during liberalization Enrique Ganuza, Ricardo Paes de Barros and Rob Vos3 Argentina: macroeconomic behaviour, employment and income distribution in the Seller Rating: % positive.
This study reviews recent research dealing with relationships between economic growth, income distribution, and poverty. This generally fails to find any systematic pattern of change in income distribution during recent decades—nor does it find any systematic link from fast growth to increasing inequality. The level of initial income inequality is not a robust explanatory factor of growth. The estimates show that inequality of world distribution of income worsened from the beginning of the 19th century to World War II and after that seems to have stabilized or to have grown more slowly.
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World Development, Vol. 19, No. 11, pp.X/91 $ + Printed in Great Britain. Pergamon Press plc Poverty and Income Distribution During Adjustment: Issues and Evidence from the OECD Project FRANIS BOURGUIGNON Dartement et Laboratoire d'Economie Thrique et Appliqu, Paris, and University of Geneva JAIME DE MELD The Cited by: Simulation exercises exploring the effects of the design of the adjustment packages in these countries on poverty and the sustainability of the measures undertaken show considerable diversity in the evolution of income distribution during adjustment.
These exercises also expose the fatal flaws of narrowly designed adjustment by: Poverty and Income Distribution during Adjustment Issues and Evidence from the OECD Project Francois Bourguignon Jaime de Melo and Christian Morrisson Adjustment programs will fail when they do not recognize the interdependence of the three criteria of tfficiency, welfare, and political feasibility.
These programs must be tailored to both the. Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of just above US$ With such a low average income, poverty is of course widespread, so understanding the causes of poverty is of utmost importance, but until recently very little household-data has been available.
This study deals with many aspects of poverty and income-distribution in Ethiopia, providing a. Downloadable (with restrictions).
Drawing lessons from country studies, the authors examine the effects of adjustment policies on the distribution of income in Chile, Cote d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Morocco.
After analyzing the issues that must be confronted in designing adjustment programs with a focus on poverty, they synthesize the main conclusions of the different country.
Poverty and income distribution during adjustment: issues and evidence from the OECD project (Inglês) Resumo. Drawing lessons from country studies, the authors examine the effects of adjustment policies on the distribution of income in Chile, Cote d'Ivoire. Downloadable. Drawing lessons from country studies, the authors examine the effects of adjustment policies on the distribution of income in Chile, Cote d'Ivoire, Ecuador, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Morocco.
After analyzing the issues that must be confronted in designing adjustment programs with a focus on poverty, they synthesize the main conclusions of the different country studies.
In the USA in the mids per cent of the population were living in poverty compared with per cent in Canada, per cent in the Netherlands, per cent in Germany, and per cent. Structural adjustment appears to have benefited many poor households.
The population living in poverty declined from 65 percent in to 51 percent in The population near the poverty line benefited the most, while those with extremely low incomes appear to have become somewhat poorer.
The Asian road to the market has generally been seen as a model of success and the object of widespread admiration.
This volume evaluates the actual experience and debunks some of. The Coalition for Evidence-Based Education Policies gave our earlier study a “near top-tier” rating and indicated that a successful replication with other poor children would move our summer books distribution program to the Top Tier rating, an endorsement that should result in an expansion of summer books programs in high-poverty communities.
Macroeconomic volatility can affect poverty through its impact on growth as well as its impact on income distribution. Conversely, changes in poverty may be decomposed into a growth effect and an income distribution effect. (See Box ) Both effects depend on the initial levels of development and income distribution.
In economics, income distribution is how a nation's total GDP is distributed amongst its population. Income and its distribution have always been a central concern of economic theory and economic policy. Classical economists such as Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and David Ricardo were mainly concerned with factor income distribution, that is, the distribution of income between the main.
Chapter 2: Labour market adjustment, poverty and inequality during liberalization; Chapter 3: Argentina: macroeconomic behaviour, employment and income distribution in the s* Chapter 4: Brazil: economic opening and income distribution* Chapter 5: Chile: trade liberalization, employment and inequality.
Book Chapter The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty. Most poverty and income inequality has deep‐rooted causes that can be removed only by structural (and often slow) interventions, although it is now increasingly evident that structural adjustment, premature financial liberalization, and.
Structural adjustment and the determinants of poverty in Latin America / Samuel A. Morley --Income inequality trends in Latin America in the s / Ariel Fiszbein and George Psacharopoulos --Poverty alleviation, income distribution, and growth during adjustment / Elizabeth Sadoulet and Alain de Janvry --Five criteria for choosing among poverty.
Economic Liberalization, Distribution and Poverty Latin America in the s This book provides a comparative and analytical framework for assessing the impact of these reforms upon 16 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, including: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, and Peru.
The Asian road to the market has generally been seen as a model of success and the object of widespread admiration. This volume evaluates the actual experience and debunks some of the most widespread myths. It does so by identifying the link between alternative transition models, public policies.
A higher poverty rate does the same, reflecting how a less pro-poor distribution at a given median positively affects infection rates.
We interpret the median-income effect on social distancing and infection rates as indicative of the adjustment-cost effect, while the positive impact of a higher poverty rate is interpreted as reflecting the. The book follows a first edition published inwhich focused on the severe economic crisis Ghana faced during the late s and the early s.
In this second edition, the authors extend the re. Written by a leading scholar in the field, this textbook provides a thorough introduction to the topic of income distribution and poverty, with additional emphasis on the issues of inequality and discrimination.
Features an empirical flavor throughout and includes optional econometric studies Will appeal to a broad range of readers in various subject areas including economics, sociology.This study deals with many aspects of poverty and income-distribution in Ethiopia, providing a wealth of information on household-income and its determinants.
The book is of interest both to academics working on poverty analysis and to policy makers and donors collaborating with Ethiopia. The Urban Labour Market During Structural Adjustment.Poverty and inequality during structural adjustment in rural Tanzania. Washington, DC: World Bank, Policy Research Dept., Transition Economics Division,  (OCoLC)